Sandalwood Craft and the Jangids

Rajasthan is known for its diverse art and craft sector as well as its scenic beauty. Rajasthan’s sandalwood and woodwork are as well-known as the state’s stunning scenery. Different sorts of woods can be found throughout the state, allowing artisans to test their talents and abilities. Furniture, decorative objects, toys, and household goods include the most prominent wood carvings. Rajasthan’s woodwork industry has flourished over generations as a result of the monarchs’ interest in unusual craftsmanship. The state has been known for its woodwork since the 17th century. Woodwork masterpieces from the 17th and 18th centuries can still be displayed in Rajasthan’s museums. The Jangid family traces its history of wood carving back to the Mughal era. Initially, they would carve thresholds and architectural aspects in the same way that the rest of their profession practiced.

Carving of Sandalwood

Sandalwood craft, also known as Chandan in India, is one of the world’s most fragrant trees. Every Indian home use Chandan, and the term requires no introduction—from being used as an antibacterial to a fairness medicine to being utilized as a block of wood for craftwork, it is a vital part of our daily existence. Sandalwood carving is done with the use of a pencil, the pattern to be carved is first created on the wood. Carving is then begun using various tools such as a carving knife, gouge, small saw known as a coping saw, chisel, V-tool, veiner, sharpening equipment, and so on. A carving tool is a particular knife used to cut, trim, and smooth wood. The gouge is used to carve hollows in wood, as well as curves and rounds. The coping saw is used to cut large chunks of wood, while the chisel is used to polish flat surfaces and make straight lines. The V-tool can be used to make partings and emphasize lines. A U-shaped cutting edge on the veiner allows for deep gouges. For producing edges, various types of sharpening tools are utilized. After the wood has been carved, it is varnished to give it a gorgeous sheen. The craftsmen beautify the wood carving with colorful painting or embed it with materials such as lac or ivory, depending on the customer’s or the design’s requirements.

Wall Hanging

The Jangids: An Origin Story

Kapil Jangid carving

The Jangid family has its roots in the Churu district of Rajasthan where their craft has been one of carving traditional art on wood. Sandalwood carving has been practiced for ages. Craftsmen prefer wood because it is softer and more homogeneous. The most valuable part of the wood is the heart, which has a long-lasting scent. The maker and consumer alike like the changing character of its color. It’s no surprise that subsequent dynasties valued sandalwood carving. The craft grew in popularity as entire families adopted it, spreading across Karnataka to Churu, Rajasthan. Two generations of collectors have amassed the works on the show over 40 years. They have been meticulously preserved, but the current owner intends to sell them since he no longer believes he is capable of caring for them. These lovely antique carvings would be excellent additions to the National Museum.

Ridhi Modi
Ridhi Modi

3rd year undergraduate student at the Jindal School of Art and Architecture.

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